Oculus Rift is a Virtual Reality headset, which is developed and manufactured by Oculus VR. They proposed a Kickstarter campaign in 2012 to fund their product and it turned out to be successful. They raised $2.5 million in the initial funding. However, Oculus Rift’s fate took a big turn when Facebook purchased Oculus for $2 Billion in March 2014. With all the huge expectation on this device, they have released their new consumer edition very recently and people are going crazy on their social and youtube channels. So how does Oculus Rift VR work? and What it does when you wear it on your head? Let’s find the answers below!

The Oculus Rift VR may seem like a simple, but it is a phenomenal virtual reality product. Oculus Rift is developed with a whole bunch of amazing hardware and software, to make the Virtual Reality gaming and experiences more beautiful and realistic.

How Does Oculus Rift VR Work?


Oculus Rift is like ski goggles, which takes you to the Virtual world. Oculus Rift consists of two displays to show you two images side by side: one image for each eye. It has lenses placed in the headset, which helps in focusing and reshaping the picture for each eye.

There is so much of complex engineering involved in this magic headset. The headset is embedded with sensors that monitor your head motion and makes sure that the image you see is perfect. Its Constellation Tracking System is terrific; it changes the picture for you within 20 milliseconds, without making the brain notice the delay. With this accurate image changing system, you will not feel sick / motion sickness when using this VR headset. The OLED screen can handle the switching pixels in about one millisecond, which is pretty amazing technology.

Imagine your favorite mission based game that you play on your console, but this time with Virtual Reality. You have to move your head and hands to kill the enemies and to complete the objective. Science fiction is becoming a reality. But have you ever wondered how does Oculus Rift work? Well, Oculus Rift is made of different techniques, which help each other to make the headset work.



The Oculus Rift mask contains a large display. This large screen provides you 110 degrees “Field Of View”. It has a resolution of 1920 X 1080 HD that delivers a 960 X 1080 display to each eye at a refresh rate of 60Hz, which keeps things smooth. With its horizontal field of view, there isn’t much black space let around at the edge of the display. The Oculus Rift uses two display panels and two lenses. Both lenses cover your eye and show images for each eye, and this is how it creates a 3D effect. The display sits few inches from user’s eye to avoid eyestrains. The lenses refocus the light, which makes it comfortable to watch.

Position Tracker / Sensors

Under the DK2’s IR-translucent outer casing, there is an array of infrared micro-LEDs, which help you spin your head in Virtual Reality. These LED’s send back the signals to the infrared catching device or “Constellation Tracking System” and that is how the system gets to know about the position. Constellation Tracking System offers 360-degree perspective within 20 milliseconds for a change of image. Nintendo’s Wii Nunchuks work in much the same way. During the early days of Oculus Rift, it failed to give 360-dergee perspective, as the LEDs were not in the back but it is fixed in the consumer release, and now Oculus Rift gives users full 360-degree perspective.

Audio Headphones

To make Virtual Reality, you need a perfect sound that resembles the actual reality. Oculus Rift not only brings you audio but also offers you a sense of true 3D audio. Oculus Rift allows the use of Head-Related Transfer Function (HRTF) technology and with its Positional Tracker; it will give you a complete 3D audio experience. It will sonically take you to the virtual world. Head-Related Transfer Function (HRTF) technology is a revolutionary technology in Virtual Reality Gaming; it simulates and controls the sound to make it more realistic. If a sound is coming from a long distance, you will hear it the same way as you do in real life. The headphones in Oculus Rift are detachable, so if you want to swap them with your own, you can do it.

There are many other things also which are behind Oculus Rift’s technology. These are also very essential part of Oculus Rift VR and help them in better user experience and making the Virtual Reality better.

Oculus Remote

When you are in virtual reality world, Oculus Remote gives you easy access to navigate to it’s glamourous world. You can navigate to home, back and volume controls. You can select and access controls while you are in Virtual Reality. With the help of Oculus Remote, you can put all the control at your fingertips.

Oculus Touch

The Oculus Touch controllers are used for Oculus Rift in selected games; these are a pair of drivers, one for each hand. Oculus Touch Controllers are lightweight, wireless and motion controllers with a joystick and few buttons. In specific games, it will let you grab or shoot. It also reads motion gestures. Through the Constellation System, these controllers are tracked in VR, giving the user the sensation of their hands being present in Virtual Space.

Wireless Gamepad

Oculus Rift will include a Xbox One Wireless Gamepad; it is a result of the partnership between Oculus Rift and Microsoft. Many Virtual Reality games require a gamepad and with the help of Wireless Gamepad users can play all those games without purchasing from third-party hardware.

It got High-Resolution Display with amazing and speedy graphics; it is also low in cost when compared to other Virtual Reality Headset, and this is why Oculus Rift is in good growth. Oculus Rift is in development to make the headset a perfect deal for the users. Not just in games but Oculus Rift can be useful in many other places, like in Architecture, Sports, Educational Purposes, Space Program and in Military Training.

Also read this: HTC Vive VR Review: Coolest Steam VR, You Can Buy With All Your Heart